Nipah Virus- Everything you need to know.
What is Nipah virus(NiV)?
Nipah virus (NiV) infection which is closely related to Hendra virus causes severe disease in both animals and humans. NiV was first observed in the disease outbreak which took place in Malaysia(1998). Pigs were considered to be the intermediate hosts. However, humans got infected by NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that was contaminated by the fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India as per WHO.
Modes of Transmission and Symptoms.
Transmission of Nipah Virus is said to be transmitted by direct contact with infected bats, pigs or other NiV transmitted people. This is commonly found in the family and caretakers of the infected patients. It is also seen that people infected by NiV have been reported dead months and years after the exposure.
During the Nipah virus disease outbreak in 1998-99, 265 patients were infected with the virus. About 40% of those patients who entered hospitals with serious nervous disease died from the illness.
Following are some of the symptoms observed from the ones suffering from NiV:
- 2-15 days of fever and headache.
- Disorientation and mental confusion.
- Respiratory illness.
This can be prevented by avoiding exposure from infected bats and pigs. It is also said to avoid eating half-eaten fruits and ensure that there is no contact with infected bats or pigs. Report to the doctors immediately for any signs of the symptoms mentioned above. Avoid contact with any of the infected patients and make sure to avoid eating fruits in the infected areas until it’s eliminated completely. One more thing you can do to save others is to share this and inform everyone about the virus. Stay Safe!